Is my period nor­mal? Many men­stru­at­ing people ask them­selves this ques­tion. And we have the answers for you!  But giv­ing a simple black-and-white answer is not that easy. Because the length, heav­i­ness or reg­u­lar­ity of men­stru­ation var­ies from per­son to per­son. So every period is dif­fer­ent and is exper­i­enced indi­vidu­ally. Nev­er­the­less, there are some aspects that typ­ic­ally char­ac­ter­ize a healthy period and we will have a look at dif­fer­ent men­strual irreg­u­lar­it­ies together. Here you will find the answers to five ques­tions that you have prob­ably asked your­self sev­eral times before.

1. How often should I get my period?

The irreg­u­lar­ity of the men­strual rhythm is dif­fer­en­ti­ated between men­stru­ation that occurs too often and men­stru­ation that hap­pens too infre­quent. Men­strual cycles that last less than 24 or more than 35 days are called irreg­u­lar cycles. If men­stru­ation fails to occur for three months or more, this is called sec­ond­ary amen­or­rhoea. Peri­ods that are too sel­dom are called oli­gomen­or­rhoea. The men­strual cycle is too long if it is longer than 35 days (max­imum 90). Oli­gomen­or­rhoea occurs mainly after men­arche or before men­o­pause due to changes in the hor­monal bal­ance and is nor­mal dur­ing this time. Too fre­quent men­stru­ation, on the other hand, is called poly­men­or­rhoea. This is the case when the total cycle is less than 24 days. Espe­cially if you have not had your men­stru­ation for too long, it is nor­mal that it is rather irreg­u­lar. But dis­eases can also be the reason for irreg­u­lar bleed­ing. To be on the safe side, you should dis­cuss your fluc­tu­ations in your cycle with your gynaecologist.

2. How long will my period last?

The monthly bleed­ing usu­ally lasts between three and seven days. The heav­i­ness of the men­strual flow changes dur­ing your men­stru­ation from rather heav­ier at the begin­ning to lighter bleed­ing at the end. Some­times the period before or after is also accom­pan­ied by slight spot­ting, but this is no longer coun­ted as part of the actual men­stru­ation. The dur­a­tion of bleed­ing is influ­enced by vari­ous factors, such as hor­mones, stress or age.

3. Can I bleed in between periods?

Weak bleed­ing that occurs between two peri­ods is called spot­ting or inter­mit­tent bleed­ing. They are a form of cycle dis­order. Regard­less of the actual men­stru­ation, spot­ting can start at any time and is nor­mal. It is often an unex­pec­ted brown­ish dis­charge that can last one to three days. The cause is usu­ally a hor­monal change. If the bleed­ing occurs at the time of ovu­la­tion, it is also referred to as ovu­lat­ory bleed­ing. Light bleed­ing shortly before or right after the actual men­stru­ation is called spotting.

4. How much blood is actu­ally too much or too little?

The irreg­u­lar­ity of the bleed­ing rhythm is dif­fer­en­ti­ated between a too strong and too light men­stru­ation. Excess­ive men­stru­ation is called hyper­men­or­rhoea. It is char­ac­ter­ised by increased blood loss dur­ing men­stru­ation. This is the case when the blood loss per men­stru­ation is more than 80ml. Men­stru­ation that is too light, on the other hand, is called hypo­men­or­rhoea. It is char­ac­ter­ised by a weak and short men­strual bleed­ing. This is the case when the blood loss per men­stru­ation is less than 25ml. Do you change your tam­pon or san­it­ary towel less fre­quently than every two hours? Then everything is prob­ably nor­mal. If you use a men­strual cup, you can check the amount of men­strual blood quite eas­ily. This is because men­strual cups usu­ally have a capa­city of up to 30ml and small ml-lines on the side.

5. What kind of men­strual pain is normal?

Mild dis­com­fort or pain that occurs before, dur­ing or after men­stru­ation is nor­mal for many men­stru­at­ing people. These include cramps, nausea, head­aches, a feel­ing of ten­sion in the breasts or gen­eral dis­com­fort. If the symp­toms are more severe and you are there­fore lim­ited in your every­day life, they can be a form of cycle dis­order. Pain­ful or dif­fi­cult peri­ods are called dys­men­or­rhoea. Com­plaints and mood swings a few days before men­stru­ation begins are known as pre­men­strual syn­drome (PMS). Pain that can occur at the time of ovu­la­tion and is usu­ally loc­al­ised on one side of the lower abdo­men is called middle pain. Endo­met­ri­osis is a chronic, very pain­ful and dif­fi­cult to treat dis­ease of people with a uterus. Out­side the uter­ine, uncon­trolled growths of the uter­ine lin­ing form. The causes for the devel­op­ment of the dis­ease are still unknown and often it takes years until a dia­gnosis is made. This is to be changed through a peti­tion in Ger­many.

So, is your period normal?

If you track your men­strual cycle and write down dif­fer­ent dates, you will have a bet­ter over­view and notice changes in your cycle or period imme­di­ately. Are you ask­ing your­self when you should dis­cuss your men­strual prob­lems with your gyn­ae­co­lo­gist? Ideally dur­ing your reg­u­lar check-ups. And if your period is par­tic­u­larly heavy, long or irreg­u­lar and you feel insec­ure, don’t make a quick google search. Bet­ter make an addi­tional gyn­ae­co­lo­gist appoint­ment and get a proper check-up and some qual­ity advice.

Are you curi­ous to try free bleed­ing and exper­i­ence your period in a new way? Then our online course "Men­stru­ation without products: Learn Free Bleed­ing" is per­fect for you

free bleeding lernen, free bleeding online lernen, free bleeding tipps, free bleeding erfahrung, wie funktioniert free bleeding, frei menstruieren, freie menstruation, online kurs free bleeding, freie menstruation lernen, menstruation ohne produkte, zero waste menstruation, online lernen, menstruation online kurs, free bleeding praktizieren, learn free bleeding, learn free bleeding online, free bleeding tips, free bleeding experience, how does free bleeding work, free menstruation, online course free bleeding, learn free bleeding, menstruation without products, nachhaletige menstruation, learn online, menstruation online course, Online-Kurs, Vulvani
Britta Wiebe, period education, Vulvani
Britta 
Co-Founder Vul­vani | britta@vulvani.com | Web­site | + posts

Britta Wiebe is the co-founder of Vul­vani. She loves research­ing, writ­ing and design­ing new art­icles or innov­at­ive edu­ca­tional con­cepts about men­stru­ation all day long. When she is not trav­el­ling the world, she enjoys spend­ing time with her loved ones in the beau­ti­ful city of Ham­burg in Germany.