Is my period nor­mal? All about your menstruation!

by Britta
Ist meine Periode normal, gesunde Periode, Menstruation normal, Wie lange dauert meine Periode? Vulvani

Is my period nor¬≠mal? Many men¬≠stru¬≠at¬≠ing peo¬≠ple ask them¬≠selves this ques¬≠tion. And we have the answers for you!  But giv¬≠ing a sim¬≠ple black-and-white answer is not that easy. Because the length, heav¬≠i¬≠ness or reg¬≠u¬≠lar¬≠ity of men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion varies from per¬≠son to per¬≠son. So every period is dif¬≠fer¬≠ent and is expe¬≠ri¬≠enced indi¬≠vid¬≠u¬≠ally. Nev¬≠er¬≠the¬≠less, there are some aspects that typ¬≠i¬≠cally char¬≠ac¬≠ter¬≠ize a healthy period and we will have a look at dif¬≠fer¬≠ent men¬≠strual irreg¬≠u¬≠lar¬≠i¬≠ties together. Here you will find the answers to five ques¬≠tions that you have prob¬≠a¬≠bly asked your¬≠self sev¬≠eral times before.

1. How often should I get my period?

The irreg­u­lar­ity of the men­strual rhythm is dif­fer­en­ti­ated between men­stru­a­tion that occurs too often and men­stru­a­tion that hap­pens too infre­quent. Men­strual cycles that last less than 24 or more than 35 days are called irreg­u­lar cycles. If men­stru­a­tion fails to occur for three months or more, this is called sec­ondary amen­or­rhoea. Peri­ods that are too sel­dom are called oligomen­or­rhoea. The men­strual cycle is too long if it is longer than 35 days (max­i­mum 90). Oligomen­or­rhoea occurs mainly after menar­che or before menopause due to changes in the hor­monal bal­ance and is nor­mal dur­ing this time. Too fre­quent men­stru­a­tion, on the other hand, is called poly­men­or­rhoea. This is the case when the total cycle is less than 24 days. Espe­cially if you have not had your men­stru­a­tion for too long, it is nor­mal that it is rather irreg­u­lar. But dis­eases can also be the rea­son for irreg­u­lar bleed­ing. To be on the safe side, you should dis­cuss your fluc­tu­a­tions in your cycle with your gynaecologist.

2. How long will my period last?

The monthly bleed¬≠ing usu¬≠ally lasts between three and seven days. The heav¬≠i¬≠ness of the men¬≠strual flow changes dur¬≠ing your men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion from rather heav¬≠ier at the begin¬≠ning to lighter bleed¬≠ing at the end. Some¬≠times the period before or after is also accom¬≠pa¬≠nied by slight spot¬≠ting, but this is no longer counted as part of the actual men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion. The dura¬≠tion of bleed¬≠ing is influ¬≠enced by var¬≠i¬≠ous fac¬≠tors, such as hor¬≠mones, stress or age.

3. Can I bleed in between periods?

Weak bleed¬≠ing that occurs between two peri¬≠ods is called spot¬≠ting or inter¬≠mit¬≠tent bleed¬≠ing. They are a form of cycle dis¬≠or¬≠der. Regard¬≠less of the actual men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion, spot¬≠ting can start at any time and is nor¬≠mal. It is often an unex¬≠pected brown¬≠ish dis¬≠charge that can last one to three days. The cause is usu¬≠ally a hor¬≠monal change. If the bleed¬≠ing occurs at the time of ovu¬≠la¬≠tion, it is also referred to as ovu¬≠la¬≠tory bleed¬≠ing. Light bleed¬≠ing shortly before or right after the actual men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion is called spotting.

4. How much blood is actu¬≠ally too much or too little?

The irreg¬≠u¬≠lar¬≠ity of the bleed¬≠ing rhythm is dif¬≠fer¬≠en¬≠ti¬≠ated between a too strong and too light men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion. Exces¬≠sive men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion is called hyper¬≠me¬≠n¬≠or¬≠rhoea. It is char¬≠ac¬≠terised by increased blood loss dur¬≠ing men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion. This is the case when the blood loss per men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion is more than 80ml. Men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion that is too light, on the other hand, is called hypomen¬≠or¬≠rhoea. It is char¬≠ac¬≠terised by a weak and short men¬≠strual bleed¬≠ing. This is the case when the blood loss per men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion is less than 25ml. Do you change your tam¬≠pon or san¬≠i¬≠tary towel less fre¬≠quently than every two hours? Then every¬≠thing is prob¬≠a¬≠bly nor¬≠mal. If you use a men¬≠strual cup, you can check the amount of men¬≠strual blood quite eas¬≠ily. This is because men¬≠strual cups usu¬≠ally have a capac¬≠ity of up to 30ml and small ml-lines on the side.

5. What kind of men­strual pain is normal?

Mild dis¬≠com¬≠fort or pain that occurs before, dur¬≠ing or after men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion is nor¬≠mal for many men¬≠stru¬≠at¬≠ing peo¬≠ple. These include cramps, nau¬≠sea, headaches, a feel¬≠ing of ten¬≠sion in the breasts or gen¬≠eral dis¬≠com¬≠fort. If the symp¬≠toms are more severe and you are there¬≠fore lim¬≠ited in your every¬≠day life, they can be a form of cycle dis¬≠or¬≠der. Painful or dif¬≠fi¬≠cult peri¬≠ods are called dys¬≠men¬≠or¬≠rhoea. Com¬≠plaints and mood swings a few days before men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion begins are known as pre¬≠men¬≠strual syn¬≠drome (PMS). Pain that can occur at the time of ovu¬≠la¬≠tion and is usu¬≠ally localised on one side of the lower abdomen is called mid¬≠dle pain. Endometrio¬≠sis is a chronic, very painful and dif¬≠fi¬≠cult to treat dis¬≠ease of peo¬≠ple with a uterus. Out¬≠side the uter¬≠ine, uncon¬≠trolled growths of the uter¬≠ine lin¬≠ing form. The causes for the devel¬≠op¬≠ment of the dis¬≠ease are still unknown and often it takes years until a diag¬≠no¬≠sis is made. This is to be changed through a peti¬≠tion in Ger¬≠many.

So, is your period normal?

If you track your men¬≠strual cycle and write down dif¬≠fer¬≠ent dates, you will have a bet¬≠ter overview and notice changes in your cycle or period imme¬≠di¬≠ately. Are you ask¬≠ing your¬≠self when you should dis¬≠cuss your men¬≠strual prob¬≠lems with your gynae¬≠col¬≠o¬≠gist? Ide¬≠ally dur¬≠ing your reg¬≠u¬≠lar check-ups. And if your period is par¬≠tic¬≠u¬≠larly heavy, long or irreg¬≠u¬≠lar and you feel inse¬≠cure, don‚Äôt make a quick google search. Bet¬≠ter make an addi¬≠tional gynae¬≠col¬≠o¬≠gist appoint¬≠ment and get a proper check-up and some qual¬≠ity advice.

Are you curi¬≠ous to try free bleed¬≠ing and expe¬≠ri¬≠ence your period in a new way? Then our online course ‚ÄúMen¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion with¬≠out prod¬≠ucts: Learn Free Bleed¬≠ing‚ÄĚ is per¬≠fect for you

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Published at 9. January 2020
Britta Wiebe is the co-founder of Vulvani. She loves researching, writing and designing new articles or innovative educational concepts about menstruation all day long. When she is not travelling the world, she enjoys spending time with her loved ones in the beautiful city of Hamburg in Germany. Facebook | Instagram | LinkedIn | Twitter

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