The Men­strual ABC by Vulvani

In this glos­sary you will find men­strual knowl­edge from A for ade­no­myosis to Z for zero waste.

Men­strual ABC

All | # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are cur­rently 17 names in this direc­tory begin­ning with the let­ter C.
Cer­vi­cal mucus
The milky-white to trans­par­ent secre­tion con­sists of rejected cells and water and flows out of the vagina. The daily dis­charge is part of the nat­ural process of a healthy men­strual cycle and is pro­duced by glands in the cervix. Dur­ing the men­strual cycle, both colour and con­sis­tency of the cer­vi­cal mucus change. It pro­tects the uterus from germs. 

Cer­vi­cal smear
The cer­vi­cal smear is taken in the lower part of the cer­vi­cal canal, often dur­ing the annual check-up with the gynae­col­o­gist. Among other things, the smear is used for the early detec­tion of cer­vi­cal cancer.

The cervix is the con­nec­tion between the uterus and the vagina. The nar­row sec­tion makes up the lower third of the uterus and projects as the open­ing of the cervix into the upper part of the vagina. The nar­row open­ing, sur­rounded by mucous mem­brane, pro­tects the uterus from germs.

Cervix open­ing
Open­ing of the uterus. The uter­ine canal opens into the vagina.

Cis-women or Cis-man
Peo­ple who iden­tify with the sex to which they were assigned at birth.

Years of hor­monal changes, before and after the menopause. It is the tran­si­tion from the fer­tile to the post­menopausal phase in the life of a men­stru­at­ing per­son. Due to the decreas­ing estro­gen level, menopause often brings about fluc­tu­a­tions in the men­strual cycle. 

Sex­ual organ, the small part of which is vis­i­ble on the out­side at the upper end of the labia. It con­sists of two thighs which con­nect to the front of the body and lie inside the body. The cli­toris straight­ens up dur­ing sex­ual arousal due to the erec­tile tissue.

Cloth pad
Reusable pads are worn dur­ing men­stru­a­tion to absorb the men­strual blood out­side the body. They con­sist of dif­fer­ent lay­ers of absorbent mate­r­ial and are often made of cot­ton or hemp. They are washed after use and can be reused. Fab­ric pads are the sus­tain­able ver­sion of dis­pos­able pads because they can be used for many years. 

Cloth panty lin­ers
Reusable panty lin­ers are worn dur­ing light bleed­ing to absorb the men­strual fluid out­side the body. They are thin­ner and lighter than cloth pads and are also made of cot­ton. Fab­ric panty lin­ers are the sus­tain­able ver­sion of dis­pos­able panty lin­ers because they can be used for many years. 

Cloth tam­pons
The slightly dif­fer­ent and less known tam­pon ver­sion. Like other tam­pons, cloth tam­pons are inserted into the vagina where they absorb the men­strual blood directly. They are then washed and can be used again.

Cycle apps
Cycle apps help you to observe and bet­ter under­stand your own cycle. Based on the data entered, the app cal­cu­lates the next period or the period for sev­eral months in advance. The first and last day of your men­stru­a­tion are marked in the apps. In the course of the men­strual cycle, other char­ac­ter­is­tics such as mood, symp­toms or tem­per­a­ture can also be noted.

Cycle aware­ness
Per­ceiv­ing the body as a cycli­cal being and learn­ing what influ­ence the cycle-related hor­mones have on needs and mood. To bet­ter under­stand the dif­fer­ent phases of the cycle and the asso­ci­ated qual­i­ties and to con­sciously inte­grate them into every­day life.

Cycle com­puter
Mea­sur­ing devices with which men­stru­at­ing peo­ple can deter­mine the fer­tile and infer­tile days. They dig­i­tally sup­port the meth­ods of hor­mone-free con­tra­cep­tion. For this pur­pose, var­i­ous body char­ac­ter­is­tics, such as basal body tem­per­a­ture, hor­mones in the morn­ing urine and the con­sis­tency of the cer­vi­cal mucus are recorded and analysed. Reg­u­lar and con­sci­en­tious use must be ensured so that the cycle com­puter can inter­pret the mea­sured val­ues correctly. 

Cycle dis­or­der
Changes in the nat­ural men­strual cycle that devi­ate from the norm. This includes the dura­tion, strength or rhythm of menstruation. 

Cycle length
Time from the first day of men­stru­a­tion to the day before the men­stru­a­tion starts again. Usu­ally it lasts between 25 and 34 days.

Cycle phases
The men­strual cycle is divided into two phases: The first half of the cycle is called the fol­lic­u­lar phase. It takes place between the begin­ning of men­stru­a­tion and the next ovu­la­tion. The sec­ond half of the cycle is called the luteal phase. It takes place between ovu­la­tion and the next menstruation. 

Cycle track­ing
Con­scious obser­va­tion of the men­strual cycle. In addi­tion to the begin­ning and end of men­stru­a­tion, other char­ac­ter­is­tics such as mood, symp­toms or tem­per­a­ture are also reg­is­tered. Cycle track­ing can be done either ana­log in a men­strual cal­en­dar or dig­i­tally in cycle apps. The aim of cycle track­ing is to gain a bet­ter under­stand­ing of your own body and the changes caused by your cycle. 

Your glos­sary all about menstruation

In our Men­strual ABC you will find short and easy expla­na­tions of col­lo­quial expres­sions and med­ical terms relat­ing to men­stru­a­tion, hor­mone-free con­tra­cep­tion and the anatomy of the gen­i­tals. Here you will find men­strual knowl­edge from A for ade­no­myosis to Z for zero waste men­stru­a­tion.
Are you still miss­ing impor­tant terms in our glos­sary or have we explained some­thing not quite under­stand­able? Then send us a mes­sage with your ideas and feed­back so that we can make the Men­strual ABC even more com­pre­hen­sive and com­plete together.

If you would like to read more about a spe­cific topic, you will find an overview of all our pub­lished arti­cles in the archive, sorted by key­words. In our Peri­od­ico you will find all arti­cles in chrono­log­i­cal order.

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