The milky-white to transparent secretion consists of rejected cells and water and flows out of the vagina. The daily discharge is part of the natural process of a healthy menstrual cycle and is produced by glands in the cervix. During the menstrual cycle, both colour and consistency of the cervical mucus change. It protects the uterus from germs.
The cervical smear is taken in the lower part of the cervical canal, often during the annual check-up with the gynaecologist. Among other things, the smear is used for the early detection of cervical cancer.
The cervix is the connection between the uterus and the vagina. The narrow section makes up the lower third of the uterus and projects as the opening of the cervix into the upper part of the vagina. The narrow opening, surrounded by mucous membrane, protects the uterus from germs.
Opening of the uterus. The uterine canal opens into the vagina.
Cis-women or Cis-man
People who identify with the sex to which they were assigned at birth.
Years of hormonal changes, before and after the menopause. It is the transition from the fertile to the postmenopausal phase in the life of a menstruating person. Due to the decreasing estrogen level, menopause often brings about fluctuations in the menstrual cycle.
Sexual organ, the small part of which is visible on the outside at the upper end of the labia. It consists of two thighs which connect to the front of the body and lie inside the body. The clitoris straightens up during sexual arousal due to the erectile tissue.
Reusable pads are worn during menstruation to absorb the menstrual blood outside the body. They consist of different layers of absorbent material and are often made of cotton or hemp. They are washed after use and can be reused. Fabric pads are the sustainable version of disposable pads because they can be used for many years.
Cloth panty liners
Reusable panty liners are worn during light bleeding to absorb the menstrual fluid outside the body. They are thinner and lighter than cloth pads and are also made of cotton. Fabric panty liners are the sustainable version of disposable panty liners because they can be used for many years.
The slightly different and less known tampon version. Like other tampons, cloth tampons are inserted into the vagina where they absorb the menstrual blood directly. They are then washed and can be used again.
Cycle apps help you to observe and better understand your own cycle. Based on the data entered, the app calculates the next period or the period for several months in advance. The first and last day of your menstruation are marked in the apps. In the course of the menstrual cycle, other characteristics such as mood, symptoms or temperature can also be noted.
Perceiving the body as a cyclical being and learning what influence the cycle-related hormones have on needs and mood. To better understand the different phases of the cycle and the associated qualities and to consciously integrate them into everyday life.
Measuring devices with which menstruating people can determine the fertile and infertile days. They digitally support the methods of hormone-free contraception. For this purpose, various body characteristics, such as basal body temperature, hormones in the morning urine and the consistency of the cervical mucus are recorded and analysed. Regular and conscientious use must be ensured so that the cycle computer can interpret the measured values correctly.
Changes in the natural menstrual cycle that deviate from the norm. This includes the duration, strength or rhythm of menstruation.
Time from the first day of menstruation to the day before the menstruation starts again. Usually it lasts between 25 and 34 days.
The menstrual cycle is divided into two phases: The first half of the cycle is called the follicular phase. It takes place between the beginning of menstruation and the next ovulation. The second half of the cycle is called the luteal phase. It takes place between ovulation and the next menstruation.
Conscious observation of the menstrual cycle. In addition to the beginning and end of menstruation, other characteristics such as mood, symptoms or temperature are also registered. Cycle tracking can be done either analog in a menstrual calendar or digitally in cycle apps. The aim of cycle tracking is to gain a better understanding of your own body and the changes caused by your cycle.