Every­thing you need to know about periods

What hap¬≠pens when I have my period? Is my period nor¬≠mal? What helps with men¬≠strual prob¬≠lems? Are you look¬≠ing for infor¬≠ma¬≠tion and answers about your period or men¬≠strual cycle? Then you‚Äôve come to the right place! Wel¬≠come to the Vul¬≠vani guide for your period. Here you will find our col¬≠lec¬≠tive knowl¬≠edge and all the impor¬≠tant facts related to men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion. We cover health, bio¬≠log¬≠i¬≠cal and social issues related to your period and men¬≠strual cycle. You don‚Äôt know where to start? Then maybe our overview with all our already pub¬≠lished blog arti¬≠cles, sorted by topic, will help you. In the Mag¬≠a¬≠zine you will also find all the arti¬≠cles in chrono¬≠log¬≠i¬≠cal order. Enjoy read¬≠ing and brows¬≠ing the website!

Books & games

Con¬≠tra¬≠cep¬≠tion & Sex





First period

Free Bleed­ing

Men­stru­a­tion Around the World (Inter­views)

Men­strual art

Men­strual cup

Men­strual taboo

Period glos­sary

Period pain

Period poverty

Period under­wear

Peri¬≠ods at work



Sex Edu­ca­tion

Spe¬≠cial days

Tam¬≠pon tax




Zero waste menstruation

You want to read Vulvani’s guest arti­cles and inter­views in inter­na­tional media? You can find them here, on our press site!

Menstruation, Periode, Regelblutung, Tage, Menstruationsaufkl√§rung, Kopf√ľber Design, Magdalena Otterstedt, Tampons, Binden, Menstruationstasse, Periodenprodukte, Hygienartikel, Hygieneprodukte, Menstruationsprodukt, Periodenprodukte, Periodenkunst, Illustration, Vulvani
Menstruation, Periode, Regelblutung, Tage, Regel, Menstruationsaufklärung, Periodenkunst, Menstruationskunst, Periodenblut, Menstruationsblut, Blutung, Menstruationstabu, Tabuisierung der Periode, Blut ist rot, Fotografie, Vulvani
Menstruation, Periode, Regelblutung, Tage, Regel, Menstruationsaufkl√§rung, Menstruationstabu, Tabuisierung der Periode, Menstruationsschmerzen, Periodenschmerzen, Regelschmerzen, Menstruationsbeschwerden, Periodenbeschwerden, Regelbeschwerden, Periodenprobleme, Atem√ľbung, bewusste Atmung, Bauchmassage, Magenkr√§mpfe, Bauchkr√§mpfe, Schmerzen, Fotografie, Vulvani

Your 10 most impor­tant ques­tions about peri­ods answered

1. How do I know that I will get my period soon?

Puberty often begins with slight phys¬≠i¬≠cal changes, such as the growth of breasts or vulva hair. The hor¬≠monal changes in the body indi¬≠cate the your first period far in advance. A reli¬≠able sign is the vagi¬≠nal dis¬≠charge, which occurs about a year before. Shortly before the first period begins, phys¬≠i¬≠cal symp¬≠toms such as abdom¬≠i¬≠nal pain or breast ten¬≠der¬≠ness may occur.

2. What hap¬≠pens when I have my period?

Dur­ing men­stru­a­tion, the monthly build-up of the uter­ine lin­ing is removed again. Peri­ods are the monthly excre­tion of blood and mucous mem­brane tis­sue that has built up in the uterus dur­ing the men­strual cycle. The men­strual blood flows through the small open­ing in the cervix and out of the uterus through the vagina.

3. How long do peri¬≠ods usu¬≠ally last?

Peri¬≠ods last on aver¬≠age about five days. Every¬≠thing between three and seven days is nor¬≠mal. The length of your peri¬≠ods is also influ¬≠enced by var¬≠i¬≠ous fac¬≠tors, such as hor¬≠mones, stress or age. Some¬≠times before or after your peri¬≠ods there will be a lit¬≠tle spot¬≠ting, but this is not part of men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion itself.

4. Can I loose too much blood dur¬≠ing my period?

Peri­ods that are too heavy are called hyper­me­n­or­rhea. They are char­ac­ter­ized by greater blood loss. This is the case when the bleed­ing per period is more than 80ml. If too much blood is lost dur­ing men­stru­a­tion, this can lead to iron deficiency.

5. How much time is there between one period and the next?

Men­strual cycles that last less than 24 or more than 35 days are called irreg­u­lar cycles. Every­thing in between is nor­mal. It can nor­mal for your bleed­ing to be irreg­u­lar, espe­cially if your peri­ods have just started or before menopause.

6. What is the first day of the men¬≠strual cycle?

The first day of your monthly bleed¬≠ing is the begin¬≠ning of a new men¬≠strual cycle. The first phase of the cycle is called men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion. It is, like win¬≠ter, a rather quiet, slow time that invites you to reflect. This time of bleed¬≠ing is ideal for rest¬≠ing, plan¬≠ning and mak¬≠ing decisions.

7. What can I do to relieve men¬≠strual pain?

Men¬≠strual cramps often last only for a few days and should not hin¬≠der your every¬≠day life. To relieve period prob¬≠lems, anti-inflam¬≠ma¬≠tory foods are espe¬≠cially impor¬≠tant. Rest, warmth and light move¬≠ment can also have a pos¬≠i¬≠tive influ¬≠ence on your period pain.

8. How many tam¬≠pons and pads will I use in my life? 

Over the course of their lives, each men¬≠stru¬≠at¬≠ing per¬≠son uses an aver¬≠age of about 14,000 dis¬≠pos¬≠able tam¬≠pons and pads. In Ger¬≠many, all men¬≠stru¬≠at¬≠ing peo¬≠ple together pro¬≠duce more than 20,000 tons of waste with dis¬≠pos¬≠able prod¬≠ucts. In terms of quan¬≠tity, this amounts to 170,000 bath¬≠tubs filled with waste.

9. How expen­sive are periods?

In order to cover the basic need for dis¬≠pos¬≠able men¬≠strual prod¬≠ucts, a men¬≠stru¬≠at¬≠ing per¬≠son spends on aver¬≠age about 70.00 ‚ā¨ per year. With a total of 450 peri¬≠ods in one‚Äôs life, the cost of period prod¬≠ucts is at least ‚ā¨2,700. From a prac¬≠ti¬≠cal point of view, peri¬≠ods are there¬≠fore also a finan¬≠cial chal¬≠lenge. Since the begin¬≠ning of 2020, period prod¬≠ucts are only taxed at the sim¬≠pli¬≠fied tax rate of seven per¬≠cent in Germany.

10. Do ani¬≠mals have peri¬≠ods as well?

Only few (mam¬≠mals) ani¬≠mals have their period like we humans do, because the processes in the body are dif¬≠fer¬≠ent. While many ani¬≠mals recy¬≠cle the built-up endometrium after unsuc¬≠cess¬≠ful fer¬≠til¬≠iza¬≠tion, with humans it is expelled in the form of peri¬≠ods. Dogs, for exam¬≠ple, only have their men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion once a year and rab¬≠bits do not bleed because their ovu¬≠la¬≠tion occurs only after mating.

[et_bloom_inline optin_id="optin_6"]


And if you just feel like wan¬≠der¬≠ing around for a bit, here are short expla¬≠na¬≠tions of the dif¬≠fer¬≠ent cate¬≠ge¬≠ories in our Peri¬≠od¬≠ico. By click¬≠ing on the cor¬≠re¬≠spond¬≠ing info texts you will be for¬≠warded directly to the requested category.


Health and ill­ness are very close to each other. That is why we will talk to you about con­di­tions, such as endometrio­sis or vagin­is­mus. But we will also give you tips for when you are hav­ing men­strual cramps.

Period Infor­ma­tion

Here we will be answer¬≠ing all of your ques¬≠tions about peri¬≠ods. In our arti¬≠cles we cover every¬≠thing from your first period to ‚ÄėIs my period nor¬≠mal?‚Äô and the influ¬≠ence of your cycle on your mood. In this cat¬≠e¬≠gory absolutely every¬≠thing is about menstruation.

Soci¬≠ety & News

There is a lot going on in the men¬≠strual world and we are keep¬≠ing you up to date about the lat¬≠est period news and trends.  This cat¬≠e¬≠gory looks at peri¬≠ods from a soci¬≠etal or polit¬≠i¬≠cal per¬≠spec¬≠tive and analy¬≠ses the men¬≠strual taboo.

Period Prod­ucts

You have always won­dered what kind of men­strual prod­ucts are actu­ally avail­able? Let us intro­duce you to var­i­ous sus­tain­able period prod­ucts and explain you every­thing about men­strual cups, period under­wear or free bleeding.

Men¬≠stru¬≠a¬≠tion Around the World

Men­stru­a­tion around the world’ is our series of insight­ful inter­views that try to show the vari­ety of men­strual expe­ri­ences around the world. How do dif­fer­ent peo­ple expe­ri­ence their period? How do dif­fer­ent cul­tures deal with the topic? Which prod­ucts are used dur­ing men­stru­a­tion? These are all ques­tions that we are ask­ing our­selves and that we would like to ask many more peo­ple. We por­tray peo­ple from dif­fer­ent coun­tries with their per­sonal stories.

Pin It on Pinterest