Everything you need to know about periods

What hap¬≠pens when I have my period? Is my period nor¬≠mal? What helps with mens¬≠trual pro¬≠blems? Are you loo¬≠king for infor¬≠ma¬≠tion and ans¬≠wers about your period or mens¬≠trual cycle? Then you‚Äôve come to the right place! Wel¬≠come to the Vul¬≠vani guide for your period. Here you will find our collec¬≠tive know¬≠ledge and all the important facts rela¬≠ted to mens¬≠trua¬≠tion. We cover health, bio¬≠lo¬≠gi¬≠cal and social issues rela¬≠ted to your period and mens¬≠trual cycle. You don‚Äôt know where to start? Then maybe our over¬≠view with all our already publis¬≠hed blog arti¬≠cles, sor¬≠ted by topic, will help you. In the Maga¬≠zine you will also find all the arti¬≠cles in chro¬≠no¬≠lo¬≠gi¬≠cal order. Enjoy rea¬≠ding and brow¬≠sing the website!

Books & games

Contraception & Sex





First period

Free Bleeding

Menstruation Around the World (Interviews)

Menstrual art

Menstrual cup

Menstrual taboo

Period glossary

Period pain

Period poverty

Period underwear

Periods at work



Special days

Tampon tax




Zero waste menstruation

Menstruation, Periode, Regelblutung, Tage, Menstruationsaufkl√§rung, Kopf√ľber Design, Magdalena Otterstedt, Tampons, Binden, Menstruationstasse, Periodenprodukte, Hygienartikel, Hygieneprodukte, Menstruationsprodukt, Periodenprodukte, Periodenkunst, Illustration, Vulvani
Menstruation, Periode, Regelblutung, Tage, Regel, Menstruationsaufklärung, Periodenkunst, Menstruationskunst, Periodenblut, Menstruationsblut, Blutung, Menstruationstabu, Tabuisierung der Periode, Blut ist rot, Fotografie, Vulvani
Menstruation, Periode, Regelblutung, Tage, Regel, Menstruationsaufkl√§rung, Menstruationstabu, Tabuisierung der Periode, Menstruationsschmerzen, Periodenschmerzen, Regelschmerzen, Menstruationsbeschwerden, Periodenbeschwerden, Regelbeschwerden, Periodenprobleme, Atem√ľbung, bewusste Atmung, Bauchmassage, Magenkr√§mpfe, Bauchkr√§mpfe, Schmerzen, Fotografie, Vulvani

Your 10 most important questions about periods answered

1. How do I know that I will get my period soon?

Puberty often begins with slight phy¬≠si¬≠cal chan¬≠ges, such as the growth of bre¬≠asts or vulva hair. The hor¬≠mo¬≠nal chan¬≠ges in the body indi¬≠cate the your first period far in advance. A reli¬≠able sign is the vagi¬≠nal discharge, which occurs about a year before. Shortly before the first period begins, phy¬≠si¬≠cal sym¬≠ptoms such as abdo¬≠mi¬≠nal pain or bre¬≠ast ten¬≠der¬≠ness may occur.

2. What happens when I have my period?

During mens­trua­tion, the mon­thly build-up of the ute­rine lining is remo­ved again. Peri­ods are the mon­thly excre­tion of blood and mucous mem­brane tis­sue that has built up in the ute­rus during the mens­trual cycle. The mens­trual blood flows through the small ope­ning in the cer­vix and out of the ute­rus through the vagina.

3. How long do periods usually last?

Peri¬≠ods last on average about five days. Ever¬≠ything bet¬≠ween three and seven days is nor¬≠mal. The length of your peri¬≠ods is also influ¬≠en¬≠ced by various fac¬≠tors, such as hor¬≠mo¬≠nes, stress or age. Some¬≠ti¬≠mes before or after your peri¬≠ods there will be a little spot¬≠ting, but this is not part of mens¬≠trua¬≠tion itself.

4. Can I loose too much blood during my period?

Peri­ods that are too heavy are cal­led hyper­menor­r­hea. They are cha­rac­te­ri­zed by grea­ter blood loss. This is the case when the blee­ding per period is more than 80ml. If too much blood is lost during mens­trua­tion, this can lead to iron deficiency.

5. How much time is there between one period and the next?

Mens­trual cycles that last less than 24 or more than 35 days are cal­led irre­gu­lar cycles. Ever­ything in bet­ween is nor­mal. It can nor­mal for your blee­ding to be irre­gu­lar, espe­cially if your peri­ods have just star­ted or before menopause.

6. What is the first day of the menstrual cycle?

The first day of your mon¬≠thly blee¬≠ding is the begin¬≠ning of a new mens¬≠trual cycle. The first phase of the cycle is cal¬≠led mens¬≠trua¬≠tion. It is, like win¬≠ter, a rather quiet, slow time that invi¬≠tes you to reflect. This time of blee¬≠ding is ideal for res¬≠ting, plan¬≠ning and making decisions.

7. What can I do to relieve menstrual pain?

Mens¬≠trual cramps often last only for a few days and should not hin¬≠der your ever¬≠y¬≠day life. To relieve period pro¬≠blems, anti-inflamma¬≠tory foods are espe¬≠cially important. Rest, warmth and light move¬≠ment can also have a posi¬≠tive influ¬≠ence on your period pain.

8. How many tampons and pads will I use in my life? 

Over the course of their lives, each mens¬≠trua¬≠ting per¬≠son uses an average of about 14,000 dis¬≠po¬≠sable tam¬≠pons and pads. In Ger¬≠many, all mens¬≠trua¬≠ting people tog¬≠e¬≠ther pro¬≠duce more than 20,000 tons of waste with dis¬≠po¬≠sable pro¬≠ducts. In terms of quan¬≠tity, this amounts to 170,000 bath¬≠tubs fil¬≠led with waste.

9. How expensive are periods?

In order to cover the basic need for dis¬≠po¬≠sable mens¬≠trual pro¬≠ducts, a mens¬≠trua¬≠ting per¬≠son spends on average about 70.00 ‚ā¨ per year. With a total of 450 peri¬≠ods in one‚Äôs life, the cost of period pro¬≠ducts is at least ‚ā¨2,700. From a prac¬≠ti¬≠cal point of view, peri¬≠ods are the¬≠re¬≠fore also a finan¬≠cial chal¬≠lenge. Since the begin¬≠ning of 2020, period pro¬≠ducts are only taxed at the sim¬≠pli¬≠fied tax rate of seven per¬≠cent in Germany.

10. Do animals have periods as well?

Only few (mam¬≠mals) ani¬≠mals have their period like we humans do, because the pro¬≠ces¬≠ses in the body are dif¬≠fe¬≠rent. While many ani¬≠mals recy¬≠cle the built-up endo¬≠me¬≠trium after unsuc¬≠cess¬≠ful fer¬≠ti¬≠liz¬≠a¬≠tion, with humans it is expel¬≠led in the form of peri¬≠ods. Dogs, for example, only have their mens¬≠trua¬≠tion once a year and rab¬≠bits do not bleed because their ovu¬≠la¬≠tion occurs only after mating.


And if you just feel like wan¬≠de¬≠ring around for a bit, here are short explana¬≠ti¬≠ons of the dif¬≠fe¬≠rent cate¬≠ge¬≠ories in our Period¬≠ico. By cli¬≠cking on the cor¬≠re¬≠spon¬≠ding info texts you will be for¬≠war¬≠ded directly to the reques¬≠ted category.


Health and ill­ness are very close to each other. That is why we will talk to you about con­di­ti­ons, such as endo­me­trio­sis or vagi­nis­mus. But we will also give you tips for when you are having mens­trual cramps.

Period Information

Here we will be ans¬≠we¬≠ring all of your ques¬≠ti¬≠ons about peri¬≠ods. In our arti¬≠cles we cover ever¬≠ything from your first period to ‚ÄėIs my period nor¬≠mal?‚Äô and the influ¬≠ence of your cycle on your mood. In this cate¬≠gory abso¬≠lutely ever¬≠ything is about menstruation.

Society & News

There is a lot going on in the mens¬≠trual world and we are kee¬≠ping you up to date about the latest period news and trends.  This cate¬≠gory looks at peri¬≠ods from a socie¬≠tal or poli¬≠ti¬≠cal per¬≠spec¬≠tive and ana¬≠ly¬≠ses the mens¬≠trual taboo.

Period Products

You have always won­de­red what kind of mens­trual pro­ducts are actually avail­able? Let us intro­duce you to various sus­tainable period pro­ducts and exp­lain you ever­ything about mens­trual cups, period under­wear or free bleeding.

Menstruation Around the World

Mens­trua­tion around the world’ is our series of insight­ful inter­views that try to show the variety of mens­trual expe­ri­en­ces around the world. How do dif­fe­rent people expe­ri­ence their period? How do dif­fe­rent cul­tures deal with the topic? Which pro­ducts are used during mens­trua­tion? These are all ques­ti­ons that we are asking our­sel­ves and that we would like to ask many more people. We por­tray people from dif­fe­rent coun­tries with their per­so­nal stories.

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