The Men­strual ABC by Vulvani

In this glos­sary you will find men­strual knowl­edge from A for ade­no­myosis to Z for zero waste.

Men­strual ABC

All | # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are cur­rently 21 names in this direc­tory begin­ning with the let­ter P.
Pad
Inserts made of absorbent mate­r­ial to absorb men­strual fluid out­side the vagina. Pads are worn in the under­wear There are both dis­pos­able pads and wash­able cloth pads.

Panty lin­ers
Inserts made of absorbent mate­r­ial to absorb men­strual fluid out­side the vagina. It is a smaller and nar­rower ver­sion of pads and are there­fore not as absorbent. Panty lin­ers are worn in the under­pants. There are both dis­pos­able panty lin­ers and wash­able cloth panty liners.

Pelvic floor
Tis­sue-mus­cu­lar floor of the pelvic cav­ity in humans.

Per­i­menopause
Time between pre- and post­menopause, which is a sign of phys­i­o­log­i­cal aging. It lasts one to two years before and after the actual menopause. 

Period
see men­stru­a­tion

Period cal­en­dar
A men­strual cal­en­dar helps you to observe and bet­ter under­stand your own cycle. It can also be used to cal­cu­late the next period or your period for a few months in advance. The first and last day of your period are recored in the period cal­en­dar. Dur­ing the men­strual cycle, other char­ac­ter­is­tics such as mood swings or tem­per­a­ture can also be registered.

Period pain
Pain that occurs dur­ing men­stru­a­tion. They are a form of cycle irregularities. 

Period poverty
Period poverty exists when men­stru­at­ing peo­ple can­not afford men­strual prod­ucts for finan­cial rea­sons. The lack of afford­able prod­ucts leads to peo­ple resort­ing to other alter­na­tives such as (dirty) pieces of fab­ric or grass. This can have health consequences.

Period under­wear
Men­strual under­wear has sev­eral lay­ers of fab­ric in the crotch area and there­fore has addi­tional func­tions. It is, so to speak, a pair of under­wear with a wash­able pad sewn into it. The dif­fer­ent fab­rics ensure that the inti­mate area remains dry and the men­strual blood is absorbed. The men­strual under­wear is wash­able like nor­mal under­wear and there­fore reusable.

Peti­tion "The period is not a lux­ury - lower the tam­pon tax"
Nanna-Josephine Roloff and Yasemin Kotra together launched the peti­tion and found over 190,000 sup­port­ers on the change.org plat­form. The peti­tion demands that men­strual prod­ucts be con­sid­ered basic needs in Ger­many and be taxed at the sim­pli­fied VAT rate of seven per­cent. This is because the increased tax rate of 19 per­cent dis­crim­i­nates against all men­stru­at­ing peo­ple. The peti­tion and the tire­less efforts of the two men­strual activists were suc­cess­ful and from Jan­u­ary 2020, men­strual prod­ucts will be taxed at only the seven per­cent rate in Germany.

Pill
Hor­monal con­tra­cep­tive which use is wide­spread. There are dif­fer­ent types of pills that must be taken orally at the same time every day (except for the week-long pill breaks). The hor­mones in the pill sup­presses the mat­u­ra­tion of the egg and thus also ovulation.

Poly­cys­tic Ovar­ian Syn­drome (PCOS)
Hor­monal meta­bolic dis­or­der caused by a com­plex hor­monal imbal­ance. The PCO syn­drome can be the cause of infer­til­ity due to the cycle alterations. 

Poly­men­or­rhoea
A too fre­quent men­stru­a­tion. It is a form of men­strual dis­or­der char­ac­ter­ized by a men­strual cycle that is too short. This is the case when the total of the men­strual cycle is less than 24 days.

Post­menopause
Dura­tion of about twelve months after the last menstruation.

Post­men­strual bleed­ing
Spot­ting after men­stru­a­tion is a men­strual disorder. 

Preg­nancy
Period of time dur­ing which a fer­tilised egg cell in the body matures into a child. The preg­nancy cal­cu­lated from the first day of the last men­stru­a­tion lasts an aver­age of 40 weeks. Tra­di­tion­ally, the dura­tion of a preg­nancy is given as nine months. How­ever, the fluc­tu­a­tion range cov­ers sev­eral weeks.

Pre­menopause
First irreg­u­lar­i­ties in the men­strual cycle and occa­sional absence of men­stru­a­tion. These changes in the men­strual cycle are trig­gered by the decline in prog­es­terone levels.

Pre­men­strual bleed­ing
The spot­ting before men­stru­a­tion is a men­strual disorder. 

Pre­men­strual Syn­drome (PMS)
Pain and dis­com­fort a few days before the start of men­stru­a­tion. These can be very dif­fer­ent com­plaints, such as stom­ach or headaches, as well as mood swings.

Prog­es­terone
Is a cor­pus luteum hor­mone and belongs to the group of sex hor­mones. Prog­es­terone is mainly pro­duced in the sec­ond phase of the cycle. It pro­motes the growth of the uter­ine lin­ing so that a fer­tilised egg can suc­cess­fully nest there. The con­cen­tra­tion of prog­es­terone in the body changes greatly dur­ing the men­strual cycle. 

Puberty
Part of ado­les­cence, where the body changes and grad­ual devel­op­ment takes place. Dur­ing this time the increased pro­duc­tion of sex hor­mones begins. They cause the repro­duc­tive organs to become functional. 

Your glos­sary all about menstruation

In our Men­strual ABC you will find short and easy expla­na­tions of col­lo­quial expres­sions and med­ical terms relat­ing to men­stru­a­tion, hor­mone-free con­tra­cep­tion and the anatomy of the gen­i­tals. Here you will find men­strual knowl­edge from A for ade­no­myosis to Z for zero waste men­stru­a­tion.
Are you still miss­ing impor­tant terms in our glos­sary or have we explained some­thing not quite under­stand­able? Then send us a mes­sage with your ideas and feed­back so that we can make the Men­strual ABC even more com­pre­hen­sive and com­plete together.

If you would like to read more about a spe­cific topic, you will find an overview of all our pub­lished arti­cles in the archive, sorted by key­words. In our Peri­od­ico you will find all arti­cles in chrono­log­i­cal order.

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